Does a game prompt make us excited? Small online experiment

Finally online at ResearchGate – my presentation during Berlin Playweek 2016 at the Researching Games Barcamp

The effect of a Game Prompt on Self-Efficacy concering problem solving challenges of living with Diabetes type II.


Initial results, would love to know your thoughts or comments on @ThePrisca

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Dopamine Jackpot! by Sapolsky

Sapolsky explaining why we respond so strongly to to ‘what if’ and ‘maybe’.
Part of the motivation power in gaming comes from the effect of ‘maybe’ on the dopamine system. Give chance a chance.

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Bartle’s Player Groups by Extra Creditz

Excellent explanation – not just on the taxonomy of player groups and its’ two dimensions but also on how and why the categorization came to be.

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Metacognition: Discussing a definition

‘Thinking about thinking’ had been cited by Flavell before the eighties as a “promising new area of investigation” coining the term metacognition. “Metacognition refers to one’s knowledge concerning one’s own cognitive processes and products or anything related to them. […] Metacognition refers, among other things, to the active monitoring and consequent regulation and orchestration of these processes in relation to the cognitive objects on which they bear, usually in the serve of some concrete goal or objective”. (Flavell, 1976, p. 232)

Still fuzziness continued in the fields of psychology and education around terms such as ‘strategic knowledge’. Great discrepancy existed in the definition of strategic knowledge, most apparent in the research area of problem solving, even though a debate on this issue had been in the literature for over a decade at that time.

“To some, strategies are general processes that operate across domains (e.g.,Gillingham, Garner, Guthrie, & Sawyer, 1988; Roth, 1985), whereas to others they are compilations or extensions of domain-specific knowledge  (e.g.,Chi, 1985; Rabinowitz & Chi, 1987). Furthermore, while some researchers investigate a singular strategy, such as mapping (Resnick,1982), others investigate complex, interrelated groups of strategies such as summarizing, predicting, and verifying (e.g.,Palincsar & Brown, 1984; Schoenfeld, 1985).” (Alexander & Judy, 1988, p. 381.)

After having discussed the concepts of strategic knowledge and metacognition for another two decades in the fields of cognitive research and learning theories, a need was clear for a higher level connection of concepts:

“Traditional developmental research in memory and reasoning, as well as current investigations in such disparate areas as theory of mind, epistemological understanding, knowledge acquisition, and problem solving, share the need to invoke a meta-level of cognition in explaining their respective phenomena.” (Kuhn, 2000, p. 178).

At that time there were several models and definitions of metacognition (which had replaced strategic knowledge as the umbrella term). These models and definitions are discussed, summarized and distilled in 2002 by Pintrich:

“Metacognitive knowledge includes knowledge of general strategies that might be used for different tasks, knowledge of the conditions under which these strategies might be used, knowledge of the extent to which the strategies are effective, and knowledge of self (Flavell, 1979; Pintrich et al., 2000; Schneider & Pressley, 1997).” (Pintrich, 2002).

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Workshop Spelenderwijs 6 oktober

6 oktober 2015, 10:00 – 16:30 uur, Amsterdam
Interesse in gamification? Staat u op het punt om spel serieus te gaan gebruiken? Tijdens deze workshop krijgt u een inleiding in de wereld van doelmatig spelen. U gaat naar huis met nieuwe kennis en inzichten en de juiste vragen om verder te kunnen.

De Psychologie van Game Based Learning en Gamification
Steeds vaker in educatie, HRM en productontwikkeling maakt men gebruik van spel of spelelementen. Door middel van game-based-learning, serious games, applied games, gameful design of gamification willen we allemaal gebruik maken van onze neiging to spelen.

Werkbare wetenschap
Tijdens deze intensieve dag krijgt u een beter begrip van van wat serious gaming en gamification is en wanneer het wel/niet werkt. Deze workshop biedt u een fundament in de wetenschappelijk kennis van de psychologische processen achter en onder spelstructuren.

U neemt uw eigen – abstracte of zeer specifieke – vraagstuk mee naar de workshop om mee aan de slag te gaan. Aan de hand van uw eigen vraagstuk doorlopen we gelijktijdig psychologische theorie, resultaten uit onderzoek en de mogelijkheden voor toepassing. Samen bespreken wij verschillende voorbeelden en onderzoeken we de toepassing voor uw eigen vraagstuk en de mogelijkheden voor andere deelnemers. Als deelnemer bent u tijdens de dag gestructureerd en open aan het brainstormen. U denkt mee, stelt vragen en wordt bevraagd.

De kracht van spelen in je vingers
U verkent de relevante achtergronden uit de sociale wetenschappen, krijgt kennis uit toegepaste psychologie samengevat en verrijkt uzelf met inzichten uit gaming-onderzoek.

We behandelen onder andere
– spelen, spel en spelelementen
– de leerkracht van spel
– extrinsiek vs. intrinsieke motivatie
– Self Determination Theory
– psychologisch welzijn
– Flow
– spelerstypen
– Fogg Behaviour Model
– narritiviteit
– verschillende vormen van feedback
– Points, Badges & Leaderboards.

Deelnemers en kosten
Deze workshop is gemaakt voor een volle dag voor maximaal 12 deelnemers. Kosten € 260,- per persoon (excl. btw). Inclusief catering, readers, dagverslag & follow-up. Mail naar priscillaharing[at] om u aan te melden & voor verdere vragen.

”De vraag hoe maak ik het leuk/hoe bouw ik spel-elementen in coaching en training komt regelmatig boven en daar pas ik delen van de theorie uit de workshop bij toe. Het is voor mij vooral een kader en een anker.”
Paul de Vries, StudiumGenerale – Hogeschool Utrecht.

“De workshop heeft mij inzicht gegeven in de markt en achtergronden van gamification. Het model van hoe dat te benaderen was heel inzichtelijk en handzaam.”
Henriëtte van Strijland, marketeer.

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The Upside of Stress – book review

Absolutely accessible. This book should be able to make sense and remain enjoyable throughout for everyone interested in the subject and capable of reading English (I would hereby like to make an open offer to do the Dutch translation when needed). There are reflections and exercises and the end of each chapter, making the book more suited to read in bits and pieces, rather than one sitting. For some of these reflections take time to do or to settle.

There are plenty of real-world examples from the New Science of Stress course madam McGonigal teaches at Stanford. She also refers to personal anecdotes and mentions her own pains and fears. By the time you finish the book, you feel like you’ve gotten to know her a little bit as a curious, enthusiastic, warm-hearted teacher who is at times as insecure, stressed out and gets as much in her own way as the rest of us. In between all these easily readable and relatable stories of humans and stress, there is more than enough scientific backing. The book provides clear explanations on how measurements show effects and shares results found, shedding a different light on our common idea of Stress. The body of research ranges from philosophy and sociology to experimental psychology and biology, all to test the hypothesis of the title; that there is an upside to being stressed.

To me the new distinction of Mind-set-research and the hormone-testing-experiments were most interesting. I was gratified to find the Brooks experiment mentioned, as this work is the inspiration for my Game Prompt experiment (paper forthcoming) and it feels so nice to have this book reflect the same enthusiasm I felt when reading the Brooks’ paper. The Upside of Stress has changed my perspective of feeling stressed – which was already along these lines – I feel this book has taken me further down the path of discovery I was on. I now have more points of interpretation to choose from. I can be more articulate and more evidence-based. For me, it fits right in with my own ‘theory of research’ and strengthens me that I am not alone as a researcher, that the effects are out there and a change is going to come. Exciting, isn’t it?

TL;DR: There is an Upside to Stress, this book has the science to prove it and will give you a useful different perspective of stress along the way.

Find the book here on Amazon

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